Képaláírás: This is the sixth piece of a 14-part series, utilizing the 14 statues featured on the two quarter-round colonnades of Hősök tere/Heroes' Square. Since all of the protagonists are major and significant figures in the history of Hungary, some Budapest streets are named after them here and there. The primary aim of this series is not to introduce the statues or characters (all are commonplaces frequently featured in touristic photoguides), but roads, squares and public spaces bearing their names.
Mátyás utca is a small one-way street in the downtown area of Ferencváros, linking the bank of Danube with Ráday Street, one of the most popular walking streets of the city full of restaurants and cafés. Mátyás utca neverheless a side street: it is dominated by classy five-storey dwelling houses very characteristic of central Budapest. It also accomodates Stúdió K, one of the last alternative theatre workshops, working as an institution nowadays. There are further 13 streets/roads/squares in Budapest which can be associated with Matthias/Mátyás (not to speak about Mátyásföld, a special area of 16th district of Budapest, or Mátyás Church, one of the most popular sights of the touristic Budapest), so my second nomination goes to Mátyás tér of 8th district, a rather voloptous area of the city, or Mátyás király út of 3th district, leading directly to the Óbuda banks of Danube, a fashionable leisure and watersport centre of the Buda side of Budapest.
Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, Croatia and later Bohemia is apparently a name ringing a bell for all Hungarians; he is considered to be the essence of royalty even for those who haven’t heard about the details or survey of Hungarian history. Matthias got two full lines in the lyrics of the Hungarian national anthem written by the renowned Romantic poet, Ferenc Kölcsey (he is the only monarch rewarded this way, apart from Árpád and a certain Bendegúz, who were not kings in the classical sense). His name is also preserved in Hungarian folktales, as a disguised king mingling with his people (probably a kind of historical urban legend) who is always fair-minded to the poor facing the rich and wealthy. During his reign (starting with an international royal plot in 1458 and followed by a king-election on the ice of the frozen Danube by 40.000 noblemen) he was perpetually strenghtening his kingdom, and ruling a mighty and powerful country which could be compared to the France of the very same age. As a speaker of at least seven languages he also created an important Renaissance culture of his time. After his death in 1490, his realm broke apart, and a few decades later, after the battle of Mohács in 1526 Hungary eventually lost its former sovereignity.
As he is the son of János Hunyadi, this is the first father-son relationship described between the statues of Heroes’ Square Monument in this series (two and a half further will come soon, the two full preceed , the half succeeded this couple in time).
The staue is the work of György Zala, main sculptor of the whole Millenium Monument, and was placed here in 1905.
Ismertető szöveg: Hunyadi Mátyás (Kolozsvár, 1443. február 23.- Bécs, 1490. április 6.) magyar király. Nevezik Corvin Mátyásnak, az igazságos Mátyás királynak, hivatalosan I. Mátyásnak, de a köznyelv egyszerűen mint Mátyás királyt emlegeti. Neve latinul és németül Matthias Corvinus, szlovákul: Matej Korvín vagy Kráµ Matej, csehül: Matyáą Korvín, horvátul és szlovénül: Matija Korvin, lengyelül: Maciej Korwin, szerbül: Матија Корвин, románul Matei Corvin. Aláírásában a Mathias Rex (Mátyás király) tűnik fel. Magyarországon 1458 és 1490 között uralkodott. 1469-től cseh (ellen)király, 1486-tól Ausztria hercege. A magyar hagyomány az egyik legnagyobb magyar királyként tartja számon, akinek emlékét sok népmese és monda is őrzi.